A medium apple — with a diameter of about 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) — equals 1.5 cups of fruit. Two cups of fruit daily are recommended on a 2,000-calorie diet.
Carbs: 25 grams
Fiber: 4 grams
Vitamin C: 14% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI)
Potassium: 6% of the RDI
Vitamin K: 5% of the RDI
What’s more, the same serving provides One medium apple — 6.4 ounces or 182 grams — 2–4% of the RDI for manganese, copper, and the vitamins A, E, B1, B2, and B6.
Apples are also a rich source of polyphenols. While nutrition labels don't list these plant compounds, they’re likely responsible for many of the health benefits.
To get the most out of apples, leave the skin on — it contains half of the fiber and many of the polyphenols.
Apples are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, all of which benefit health. They also provide an array of antioxidants. These substances help neutralize free radicals.
Good for Diabetics and Blood Sugar regulation: According to the book ‘Healing Foods’ by DK Publishing, the fructose (a class of sugar) and antioxidant polyphenols in apples improve the metabolic balance and slow the rate at which sugar is absorbed in the body. This property of apples is especially effective for diabetics, who have to keep their blood sugar spike in check. Experts have also suggested that apples lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes because of a class of antioxidants called Anthocyanin, that is also responsible for red, purple and blue colors in fruits and veggies.
Aids Weight Loss: Pectin fibre helps lower the body’s absorption of excess dietary fats.The rich quantum of fiber found in apples also helps you feeling full for longer. Bangalore based nutritionist Dr. Anju Sood says, “Fibre takes the longest to digest, which helps you keep satiated and prevents you from binging on other fattening and sugar laden foods. In the long run, this aids in weight loss.”
Enables Smoother Digestion: A number of health benefits of apples are derived from the wonder fibre pectin it contains. This soluble fibre works wonders for your digestion. Pectin a form of soluble fiber, draws water from your digestive tract and forms a gel, helping to slow digestion and pushing stool through your intestines. Apples also contain malic acid, which is again a useful digestive aid.
Helps Relieve Constipation and Diarrhoea: The high concentration of pectin fibre not only aids digestion but also regulates smoother bowel movements. According to the book ‘Healing Foods’, “Pectin has an amphoteric action. Paradoxically, it can prove relief from both constipation and diarrhoea depending on body’s needs.”
Protecting bones: Apples are also effective in strengthening bones and can play a crucial part in overall bone health. A certain favanoid phlorizin, found in apple skin, may help prevent bone loss associated with menopause, as it fights the inflammation and free radical production that leads to bone degeneration.
Reduces Cholesterol: Pectin fibre and other constituents, such as antioxidant polyphenols have been linked to reducing the levels of “unhealthy”(LDL) cholesterol, and slow down its oxidation. This further helps reduce the risk of hardening of arteries, damaging heart muscles and blood vessels.
Boost Brain Power: Apples have also been linked to enhancing brain power. Apples up the acetylcholine production, which helps build a stronger communication between nerve cells and brain that further improve your memory and lower your chances of developing Alzheimer's. This benefit stands true in case of homemade apple juice without any additives, and not in case of store-bought juices.
For a Brighter Smile and Stronger Gums: Apples a great source of water and fiber that act as cleansing agents. It contains malic acid that boosts saliva production, hence removing bacteria from the mouth. They are also packed with vitamin and minerals that promote healthy teeth. The fibrous texture of apples also helps improving the health of your gums.
Normally the apples are ready for harvest from September-October except in the Nilgiris where the season is from April to July.